There are 1000’s of digital cameras now. It’s completely overwhelming when you are trying to figure out what is the best camera to buy for food photography when you are on a budget.
The good news is, there are several excellent cameras to choose from in different price ranges.
Now, if you go to a camera store and ask the guy (or gal) behind the counter, “Which camera is best for food photos?”, they are generally going to sell you the ones that are on special that month, the ones that pay higher commissions that month, or the ones they have too many of in stock and have to get rid of.
99% of the time, they have no idea what would be best for food photos because the majority of people going into their camera stores are not buying gear for food photography. They are buying gear to photograph people, sports (their kids in sports), or landscapes.
Ok, I know I am generalizing about the camera stores, but they try to do this to me when I go in there to buy something specific and I call them out on it every time. I could write an entire blog post about this because it really pisses me off and when I call them out on it, they give me one of the three excuses I said earlier. Keep in mind, I’ve been buying cameras since I was 16 and I’m now 47. So, please beware of the camera stores unless you get a great recommendation from a good friend for a store you can trust.
Moving on. We first need to talk about the main options to consider when buying a camera for food photography.
What To Consider When Buying Any Camera
Here are some basic settings that you need to look for and compare when deciding on the camera you want.
1. Does the Camera have a Cropped Sensor?
Black Frame = Full Frame 24mm x 35mm sensor (Canon & Nikon +)
Purple Frame = 1.3x Crop Factor (Canon)
Blue Frame = 1.5x Crop Factor (Nikon)
Green Frame = 1.6x Crop Factor (Canon)
Every camera has a sensor. The sensor is what makes the actual picture in your camera. A cropped sensor is less expensive to make, but can still yield a nice image. The problem with the cropped sensor is that your lenses will create images differently from a full frame sensor camera.
A cropped sensor is a sensor that is not the standard size sensor that matches 35mm film standards. It doesn’t mean that it’s a bad sensor or the quality is bad. It means that the size is not the same standard that most lenses are made for.
A full frame sensor is 24mm x 35mm. Why? Well, that was the size of 35mm film. Now that we aren’t using film, manufacturers can change the sensor size. However, when they do, it affects what our final images look like.
Every cropped sensor camera has a crop factor. This is the number used to describe how much the sensor is cropping in on your image. Or, the factor used when comparing it to the film standard size of a full frame 35mm camera. So with the Canon Rebel 5Ti, it has a cropped sensor with a crop factor of 1.6 (green frame above). What this means is that when you are using any lens, you need to take that crop factor number, 1.6 in this case, and multiply it by the focal length of the lens.
Take the 50mm lens for example. Multiply 50 x 1.6 (crop factor of the Canon Rebel) and you get 80. That means the 50mm lens will take pictures as if it’s an 80mm lens. In the image above with the green frame, the 50mm lens would take a shot that looked like the crop of the green frame.
That’s fine if you get used to it and you like that. Then, what if you want to upgrade your camera body to full frame sensor camera? Now your 50mm lens will look like a 50mm lens and you will see a huge difference with your food photos and will have to adjust for that. Usually that means buying a longer lens to get the same look.
I know this seems abstract but it’s really an important thing to consider when buying photo gear and to keep in mind with your lenses.
This is something a lot of popular food bloggers don’t talk about when they tell you about the camera gear they are using for their food photos. So when they tell you to get a certain lens, they don’t realize they like it because they are using a cropped sensor camera. Just keep this in mind when you are reading popular food blogs and they are telling you to use a specific lens – find out what camera they are putting that on.
2. What is the Largest File Size of the Camera?
These days most cameras have really great file sizes so this isn’t a huge issue any more. When looking at the largest file size of a camera you need to ask yourself if you will ever need to print your images in the future. Printing a file needs the most amount of data possible, so the bigger the file size, the better.
Do you want to do a cookbook down the road that is printed? Get the biggest file size camera you can afford.
3. What is the ISO Range?
If you are not using a tripod, then this is important for you. You need a camera that can be set to a high ISO to accommodate you not using a tripod. For more info on that, see this post: What IS ISO? A camera’s ability to use a high ISO comes with a higher price tag.
4. How Many Focus Points Does the Camera Have?
Focusing points are a huge issue for me. When I was younger, not so much. Now that I am 47, I can’t see details as well as I used to. Also, with digital lenses, you need to know that they are geared very differently from days of film lenses. This means they are extremely hard to focus manually because turning that focusing ring a couple millimeters could take the focus through your shot several inches, making it very difficult to put the focus where you want it.
In the image above, you only see 9 focusing points. This is the menu from the Canon 5D Mark II. The Mark III has 65 focus points, which I love, but again, comes with a higher price tag.
5. Does the Camera Shoot RAW Files?
The last main option to consider is if the camera will shoot RAW files. RAW files are much easier to edit after you shoot. This is something to consider when you start learning food photography more and more, and grow into editing RAW files. I just need to bring this up as this option will also increase the price of some cameras. If photographing food is only a hobby for you, then the ability of shooting RAW files might not be an issue for you.
Here is a post with more details on RAW files.
6. What is Your Camera Budget?
Alright, now, let’s talk about your budget. I’m going to break this down into three different budgets to give you a sense of what you would get for your money.
Your Budget is $450
Let’s say you have $450 total. That means camera and lens. You will have to get a “Kit Camera”. This means that the camera and lens come together for one price which would be a little bit cheaper than buying them separately. Almost every brand has kit cameras.
I am very familiar with Canon so I am going to reference Canon here. Nikon also makes great cameras so if you want to go with Nikon (maybe someone gave you some Nikon equipment you want to keep), or other brands, you just need to look up the specs on the Canon camera that I am referencing, then find the equivalent with Nikon.
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This camera has a crop factor of 1.6, so that means the zoom lens would give you pictures as if you used a lens that was a 28mm-88mm lens. So for food photos, you would be zooming all the way in to the 55mm setting.
The other items that comes with it – the wide angle lens, the telephoto lens, the tripod, the flash – just remember, you get what you pay for, so these items will not be very good in quality. But again, for starting out with images for the web, this will do a good job.
The Rebel T6 has been out for a while so this is why the price is so good. This particular listing is from Ritz Camera, which is a franchise here in the US that I bought gear from way back in the 80’s. You just need to make sure that where ever you buy a camera from, they have a 30 day return policy at least, and some kind of warranty.
Camera specs – Cropped sensor, file size: 18mp, ISO goes up to 12,800, 9 focus points, shoots JPEGS and RAW files.
I like the Canon 80D because it has 45 focusing points, which really helps when picking exactly where you want your focus to be on your food. The camera is $1150, and you’ll need to get some SD cards and a card reader as well. This kit comes with the 18-55mm lens.
Camera specs – Cropped sensor, file size: 24.2mp, ISO goes up to 25,600, 45 focus points! shoots JPEGS and RAW files.
Now for a bit of a jump in the budget. If you know you are ready to move up in features and budget then the next step up would be the Canon 5D Mark III for $2500 for the body only, or get the camera with the 24-105 zoom lens for $3100.
I know this is a huge jump but I had to mention one of the pro cameras here. This is a full frame sensor camera that has 61 focus points. The ISO can go up to 25600 and the file size is 22mp. Of course it shoots RAW files as well. It’s also one of my favorite cameras that I use all the time.
If this seems crazy to spend this kind of money, just keep in mind that there is a camera for every budget. You just have to do the research for the perfect one for you.
You Could Buy Used Equipment
One way to get great equipment for a lower price tag is to buy it used from a reputable place. I do use Ebay a lot for gear. I’ve used ebay since it first started. Now, there are many reputable ebay sellers of used photo equipment.
Here is what you have to look for when buying used gear from any store on ebay.
- The most important qualification is the Positive Feedback along with a lot of transactions. So if a seller has had 29,850 transactions and their feedback is 99.7 – that’s a great seller and they probably have a “Top Rated Seller” badge.
- For some reason, many of the low priced new equipment sellers are in New Jersey. Seriously, I don’t know why, but that’s the way it is. What they will do is sell new equipment without the manufacturer warranty but include their own warranty for 1 year. What this means is if anything goes wrong, Canon won’t fix it, but the ebay seller will. I bought my Canon 5D Mark III this way and it worked out fine.
- Make sure you have a 30 day money back guarantee, whether it’s new or used equipment.
- I tend to not buy equipment from an individual unless they have a lot of transactions and a 100% positive feedback.
- I never buy from anyone or any store that has less than 150 transactions, even with excellent feedback.
- Read the feedback reviews on the sellers just to make sure they are all consistent with great reviews.
- Make sure the seller isn’t shipping from somewhere that is going to cost a lot of money for you, and double check the shipping rates.
- There’s a lot of ebay sellers from China that are selling knockoffs. They have lots of transactions but their feedback isn’t near 90 perfect positive.
- Read the entire ebay listing – look to see if they say, “image shown may not be actual item up for auction”. This means that they are showing you a camera image from the manufacturer, but the actual camera they are selling you might have some scratches or scuffs on it. I avoid those. I want to see the image of exactly what I am getting – unless they claim it’s brand new – then it should be in pristine condition, and then it’s ok for them to show the manufacturer’s photo.
One thing that needs to be mentioned. In the US, you want to buy a camera that has a US warranty. You can find a brand new camera this is called Gray or Black market. That means it’s from another country. It could be new and it could be in great condition, but it won’t have a warranty, so it’s less money. Many of the New Jersey stores sell these and then have their own warranty on them. I just make sure I can call them and that they respond to questions. If the store has no way of contacting them, that’s a bad sign.
My last piece of advice for buying equipment is to do your research. Here is a great website I always end up going to when looking up camera gear. Ken Rockwell’s Reviews. It is not pretty, but it’s very easy to find camera specs on any camera you are considering.
So, there you have it! Hopefully this helps to shed some light on how to buy your first camera.
My next post will be about how to upgrade your camera system when you are ready to step up your food photography.
I’d like to thank Brittany Byrd for asking me this question in our Food Photograph Club Facebook Group. If you’re not a member yet, you should join us and check it out.
My next post will be about how to upgrade your equipment, should you buy a new lens or a new camera? Sign up below to make sure you don’t miss this post.
Disclaimer: Some of the links on this page are Amazon affiliate links. Should you choose to purchase any of these items, I will receive a small commission from Amazon. I only recommend equipment I own or am very familiar with and really like it.
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